Family Practice that included 748 792 birth records shows that mother’s periodontal diseases were significantly linked with low birth weights in preterm labor and spontaneous abortion. In order to safeguard the maternal health as well as the health of the child, research team stressed the importance of prompt diagnosis by an orthodontist. There are multiple interventions that can be used, such as periodontal therapy for pregnant mothers.
4. Respiratory Disorders
Patients with weak immune systems might be prone to respiratory issues like pneumonia or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The risk is higher for those with respiratory problems that require mechanical airflow. Beyond the two main pathways periodontal disease can affect systemic health. There are two additional mechanisms. Some enzymes derived from microbes reduce the protective effect of saliva. They also hinder the elimination of harmful bacteria from the mucosal surfaces.
COVID-19 has brought back interest in the link between oral health and respiratory disease. Researchers from British Dental Journal hypothesized that COVID-19 severity was linked to poor oral health in one study. Researchers found that the intensity of COVID-19 is associated with a delayed recovery period and increased C-reactive protein. Thus, poor oral health might affect the recovery process from respiratory illness.
Similar studies show the complex oral-systemic link, even in the area of managing oral health. Gerontology published a year-long study of a Japanese cohort which highlighted the necessity for dental health monitoring (OHM) specifically for the long-term care institutions. Patients who were treated with OHM had a lower risk of develop pneumonia. In a long-term facility, the proper way to administer OHM facilities may include having the ability to access emergency dental services.
5. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Research in dental health journals will also look into other ailments like rheumatoid arthritis.